Bat Control Services
The most common species of bats that our customers deal with is known as the Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis). They are found throughout Florida in large numbers and are actually considered to be one of the most abundant mammals in North America. They have short fur that varies in color from dark brown to grayish brown. These particular bats are also equipped with a scent gland that emits a musky odor that is very strong and unique. This species is known for forming huge colonies ranging from a few hundred to several thousand, and they roost almost exclusively in man-made structures such as buildings and bridges. Like most bats, Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats are nocturnal foragers and are most active after dusk. This species is insectivorous and feeds mostly on moths, beetles, mosquitoes, and other insects. They have one pup per year in the early summer and have a lifespan of 6-8 years.
Bats In The Attic
While bats can actually play a beneficial role in the environment, eating and keeping insect numbers under control, they become a problem for many people when they begin to congregate and infest their home or business. It takes a space less than an inch wide for a bat to easily come in and out of a building and unfortunately if you see one bat, there are most certainly more close by, possibly in your attic or walls. The damage that can be caused by a bat infestation is horrendous and extremely costly, which is why action should be taken as soon as bats are suspected. This is why Nuisance Wildlife Marshals is committed to helping each and every one of our valued customers treat and maintain control over any bat-related issues they may be experiencing. Below are just a few problems that can arise from hidden or prolonged bat infestations that all of our customers should be aware of.
Most of the damage that a structure will sustain is going to stem from the bat guano and urine that they are going to excrete 20 or more times a day. These substances are corrosive to the surfaces inside a structure like wood, metal, drywall, and insulation. Further damage is going to come from the cleaning up process that is going to be extensive in order to fix everything they did. Cleaning up a bat infestation may require the removal of insulation, drywall, wood beams due to the smell and corrosion they experienced from their droppings. Bats are also going to bring other dangers that you are not even going to realize is there until it has made you sick.
While bats do not physically chew holes or cause property damage in that sense, their guano and urine will accumulate over time, resulting in waste dripping through ceilings, ruining insulation and wiring, soaking through sheetrock, and eventually causing the interior of the property to become structurally unsound and possibly even collapse.
Dangers and Diseases
One of the most prevalent diseases that bats will transmit, aside from rabies, is histoplasmosis. This is a fungal infection that is caused by inhaling the spores of the Histoplasma capsulatum fungus. This fungus is present in the bat guano that they leave behind. When people enter the areas containing guano, they may stir up the spores and make them airborne and breathable. When people are exposed to these spores they can end up with symptoms that range in severity from a bad flu to feeling like tuberculosis. This infection can be mild and healthy people will be able to fight it off themselves and more severe cases are going to require antifungal medications and hospitalization.
Bats also carry a wide range of different parasites that may spread throughout a home. Fleas, ticks, mites, and bat bugs are all possible parasites that can be present in a colony of bats. Even after the bats have been removed, they may have left behind these parasites that can afflict humans and pets alike with a wide range of different diseases. When these parasites suck on the blood of bats, they contract the diseases they have. When they bite humans and pets, they can spread these diseases quite easily. It may be necessary to treat the home or structure for these parasites after the bats are long gone.
Although bats serve an important natural service by keeping the insect populations in check, they are not the kind of animals that a person wants living in close proximity to their home. The cleanup and removal process of bats needs to be handled by a professional because they are going to have the latest technology and the information to help you get through this process as easy as possible.
As we previously mentioned, these bats are equipped with powerful scent glands that can begin causing strong, unpleasant odors throughout your home. If your home or business is host to a colony of bats, then there is a minimum of 30-40 bats leaving behind droppings on a daily basis. This rapid accumulation results in a horrible smell both inside and outside your property.
Spread of Disease
Bats and their waste carry a multitude of dangerous diseases. Bat guano carries the spores for Histoplasmosis, a disease affecting the lungs, especially those with immunity disorders, the elderly, and the very young. Bats are also the most common source of human rabies in the United States. Any contact with bats should be treated as potential exposure to rabies and can only be treated with a series of costly and painful rabies shots. Not only do bats themselves pose a threat, but their guano emits extremely high amounts of toxic ammonia, contaminating the air of your attic or crawlspace, and making it extremely dangerous for humans to breathe.